Federal Standard míchání odstínů

Federal Standard FS.595a/595B to model paints

The colours have no official names, just five-digit numbers. Any names given below are generic. The example of the FS number could be:


The first figure can be 1,2 or 3 and indicates the level of sheen:

  • 1 = gloss
  • 2 = semigloss
  • 3 = matt

For simplicity, all colors in this chart are referred to as matt (begin with 3). Color matches for matt colors apply also to semi-gloss or gloss colors - just replace the leading digit with 2 or 1, respectively.

Matt, satin or gloss clear lacquer should be applied to painted object to obtain the desired quality of finish.

The second figure of FS code indicates a general color classification group -

  • 0 = brown
  • 1 = red
  • 2 = orange
  • 3 = yellow
  • 4 = green
  • 5 = blue
  • 6 = grey
  • 7 = other (white, black, violet, metallic)
  • 8 = fluorescent

The remaining figures (third to fifth) combined into a number indicate the intensity. Lower value indicates a darker color, higher value - a lighter color, with no other significance. The numbers have been assigned with gaps to allow addition of new colours.

FS.595 is a colour collection, not a complete color system, an this has the following implications:

  • The existence of a color chip 3xxxx doesn't imply that there is a color chip for 1xxxx.
  • You cannot derive new colors form the exisiting ones. Thus, if you compare i.e. RLM colors to FS codes, you can only refer to the nearest existing FS color, which most often isn't a perfect match (but perhaps a good-enough one).

This chart has been recently updated

Color name Comment Humbrol Tamiya Xtracolor Polly S Gunze Sangyo Testors / Model Master
FS:30040   8*Hu:10 + 2*Hu:33          
FS:30045   8*Hu:98 + 2*Hu:10 + 2*Hu:107 T:XF-10        
FS:30049   8*Hu:107 + 1*Hu:33          
Leather Brown
  8*Hu:98 + 2*Hu:10          
FS:30059   19*Hu:10 + 1*Hu:61          
FS:30061     T:XF-09?        
FS:36062   8*Hu:98 + 1*Hu:160 + 1*Hu:33          
FS:30075     T:XF-09        
FS:30097 Polish Khaki   5*Hu:110 + 1*Hu:160 + 1*Hu:33          
FS:30099   8*Hu:110 + 2*Hu:113 + 1*Hu:33     P:PCA831    
FS:30100   7*Hu:186 + 2*Hu:156 +1*Hu:34          
FS:30108 Red Brown   3*Hu:186 + 2*Hu:160 + 2*Hu:10 T:XF-64        
FS:30109   6*Hu:178 + 4*Hu:70 + 3*Hu:34 + 2*Hu:107          
FS:30111   Hu:70 T:X-09        
FS:30117 Earth Red   Hu:186     P:500103   T/MM:1701
FS:30118 Earth   Hu:142 T:XF-52? X:X101 P:PCA830   T/MM:1702
FS:30140 Brown Special   4*Hu:110 + 2*Hu:62 + 1*Hu:113     P:500829 Earth Red    
FS:30145   4*Hu:110 + 1*Hu:62          
FS:30166 Brick Red   6*Hu:113 + 1*Hu:178 (70)     P:21    
FS:30215 Sand Yellow   6*Hu:62 + 2*Hu:110 + 1*Hu:154          
FS:30218 Tan              
FS:30219 Red Brown   Hu:118 (119) T:XF-52 X:X102 P:PCA816/874? GS:H310 T/MM:1742
FS:30227 Olive Drab   6*Hu:110 + 2*Hu:121 + 1*Hu:113 + 1*Hu:34          
FS:30251         P:PCA820    
FS:30257 Light Earh   1*Hu:94 + 1*Hu:63 T:XF-59   P:PCA828    
FS:30266 Mid Stone   3*Hu:81 + 2*Hu:26 T:XF-60   P:PCA818    
FS:30277 Light Olive Green   6*Hu:168 + 1*Hu:110 (187) T:XF:49   P:PCA827    
FS:30279 Sand   4*Hu:121 + 2*Hu:118 + 1*Hu:110   X:X032 P:PCA826 GS:346?  
FS:30313 Purple   Hu:250          
FS:30324 Desert Brown   6*Hu:110 + 5*Hu:34 + 3*Hu:121 + 1*Hu:113          
FS:30372 Stone   12*Hu:168 + 1*Hu:113 (7*Hu:187 + 3*Hu:129)     P:PCI879    
FS:30400 Tan Special   3*Hu:63 + 3*Hu:118 + 3*Hu:34 + 2*Hu:121   X:X145      
FS:30450 Hemp   1*Hu:118 + 1*Hu:34 (4*Hu:250 + 1*Hu:148) T:XF-57?        
Color name Comment Humbrol Tamiya Xtracolor Polly S Gunze Sangyo Testors / Model Master
FS:31105 Red     T:X-07        
FS:31136 Insignia Red       X:X102      
FS:31136 Matt Scarlett   Hu:60(/153) T:XF-7   P:20? GS:H327 T/MM:1705
FS:31400 Red Orange   8*Hu:187 + 1*Hu:60          
FS:31630 Pink     T:X-17        
Color name Comment Humbrol Tamiya Xtracolor Polly S Gunze Sangyo Testors / Model Master
FS:32160     T:X-06        
FS:32169 Deep Yellow   6*Hu:100 + 4*Hu:154 + 1*Hu:34 + 1*Hu:110          
FS:32197 Int. Orange       X:X103      
FS:32473   Hu:82?          
FS:32648     T:XF-15        
Color name Comment Humbrol Tamiya Xtracolor Polly S Gunze Sangyo Testors / Model Master
FS:33070 Olive   8*Hu:150 + 4*Hu:10 + 2*Hu:154          
FS:33245 Ochre   Hu:63          
FS:33303   3*Hu:168 + 2*Hu:74 + 1*Hu:84 + 1*Hu:34          
FS:33434   4*Hu:154 + 3*Hu:94 + 1*Hu:34          
FS:33440     T:XF:49?        
FS:33446 Sand       X:X158 P:500844 (possible confusion 446/448)    
FS:33448 Light Stone   5*Hu:74 + 3*Hu:34 + 3*Hu:84 T:XF-60 X:X326      
FS:33481 Yellow green     T:XF-04?        
FS:33522 Light Tan   4*Hu:34 + 2*Hu:103 + 1*Hu:84          
FS:33531 Yellow   Hu:121     P:PCI875 GS:H313 T/MM:1706
FS:33538 Chrome Yellow   Hu:188 (154)       GS:H329  
FS:33531 Matt Pale Stone   Hu:121 T:XF-57 Israeli AF X:X105 P:PCI875    
FS:33538 Insignia Yellow   Hu:154/Hu:24?   X:X106   GS:329 T/MM:1708
FS:33564   1*Hu:28 + 1*Hu:74          
FS:33613 Radome Tan   Hu:148   X:X107   GS:H318 T/MM:1709
FS:33655 Blue Angels Yellow     T:X-08/XF-03 X:X108      
FS:33690 Light Tan   3*Hu:34 + 2*Hu:103 + 1*Hu:121          
FS:33697 Pale Cream   Hu:74          
FS:33711 USMC Sand white + FS.33613 3*Hu:34 + 3*Hu:103 + 2*Hu:148          
FS:33717 Linen   5*Hu:34 + 3*Hu:103 + 2*Hu:148          
FS:33722 Tan   6*Hu:103 + 5*Hu:34 + 1*Hu:148 + 1*Hu:78          
FS:33798 Desert Sand   10*Hu:74 + 8*Hu:34 + 1*Hu:99          
FS:33814 Pale Yellow?   Hu:81? T:XF-4?        
Color name Comment Humbrol Tamiya Xtracolor Polly S Gunze Sangyo Testors / Model Master
FS:34031 US helo drab       X:X152      
FS:34050 Black Green   5*Hu:75 + 1*Hu:91 + 1*Hu:108 T:XF-13?        
FS:34052 Marine Corps Green   5*Hu:91 + 2*Hu:75 + 2*Hu:108 T:XF-13 X:X109      
FS:34056   6*Hu:91 + 2*Hu:189 + 1*Hu:3          
FS:34058 Bottle Green   7*Hu:88 + 3*Hu:190 + 2*Hu:32 + 2*Hu:34 T:XF-17        
FS:34062   4*Hu:3 + 1*Hu:131 T:X-05        
FS:34064 Very Dark Drab   1*Hu:66 + 1*Hu:163          
FS:34077   5*Hu:91 + 1*Hu:116 + 1*Hu:3 T:XF-11        
FS:34079 Leaf Green   Hu:116 T:XF-27/61? X:X110 P:PCA814/835 GS:H309 T/MM:1710
FS:34082   6*Hu:102 + 2*Hu:172 + 3*Hu:154 T:XF-61?        
FS:34086 Dark green   Hu:108 T:XF-62/13? X:X144   GS:H319?  
FS:34087 Olive Drab   3*Hu:163 + 4*Hu:108 + 1*Hu:33 (155, 3*Hu:163 + 4*Hu:108 + 3*Hu:33) T:XF-62? X:X111 P:832/808/819 GS:H304 T/MM:1711
FS:34088 Khaki Drab   1*Hu:155 + 1*Hu:159 T:XF-51?        
FS:34090   4*Hu:3 + 3*Hu:97 + 2*Hu:95 + 1*Hu:101 + 1*Hu:131          
FS:34091 Dark green   1*Hu:66 + 1*Hu:98   X:X155      
FS:34092 Extra Dark Sea Green   Hu:149 T:XF-27*2 + 22*1 X:X114 PCG862   GS:H302 T/MM:1764
FS:34094 Bronze Green   6*Hu:116 + 1*Hu:95 + 2*Hu:80          
FS:34095 Dark Grey Green   2*Hu:80 + 1*Hu:117          
FS:34096 Nivo   6*Hu:116 + 6*Hu:117 + 1*Hu:163 T:XF-61        
FS:34097 Field (Marine) Green   2*Hu:80 + 1*Hu:116 (105) T:XF-58 X:X115 P:PF53 GS:H340  
FS:34098 Bamboo   12*Hu:150 + 1*Hu:155 + 1*Hu:154 (150)          
FS:34102 Forest Green   Hu:117 T:XF-61*2 + 65*1 X:X116 P:500815 GS:H303 T/MM:1713
FS:34108   1*Hu:101 + 1*Hu:88          
FS:34127 Forest Green   Hu:150          
FS:34128 Deep Green   6*Hu:76 + 2*Hu:151 T:XF-26        
FS:34138 Light Green   3*Hu:131 + 1*Hu:120 (131)     P:PF51    
FS:34151 Interior Green   Hu:151   X:X117 P:PCA821/833 GS:H58 T/MM:1715
FS:34159 Light Slate Grey   6*Hu:78 + 1*Hu:161 T:XF-65 X:X118      
FS:34172 Dark Sea Green   4*Hu:120 + 3*Hu:76 + 2*Hu:78          
FS:34187 Willow Green       X:X151      
FS:34201 SAC Tan Brown   5*Hu:95 + 4*Hu:155 + 3*Hu:94 + 2*Hu:150 T:XF-49? X:X119      
FS:34223   3*Hu:110 + 2*Hu:120 + 1*Hu:34          
FS:34226 Grey Green   6*Hu:78 + 3*Hu:34 + 1*Hu:72 (78)     P:PCA801    
FS:34227 Light Green   Hu:120   X:X148 P:PCI876 Israeli GS:H312 T/MM:1716
FS:34230 Flat Green     T:XF-05        
FS:34233 Greenish Grey 3:2:1   5*Hu:115 + 1*Hu:25 + 1*Hu:34     P:500876/500074/500032 (MiG-29)    
FS:34257   6*Hu:83 + 2*Hu:80 + 3*Hu:34 + 1*Hu:99          
FS:34258 Pale Green   5*Hu:158 + 4*Hu:34 + 2*Hu:154   X:X120      
FS:34259     T:XF-04        
FS:34272   8*Hu:34 + 5*Hu:76 + 3*Hu:101          
FS:34417     T:XF-14        
FS:34424 Medium Grey   9*Hu:90 + 1*Hu:31 T:XF-20 (matt) Israeli        
FS:34554 Beige Green   Hu:90 T:XF-21 Sky        
Color name Comment Humbrol Tamiya Xtracolor Polly S Gunze Sangyo Testors / Model Master
FS:35042 Sea blue   Hu:181 Dark Sea Blue gloss   X:X121     T/MM:1717
FS:35042 Flat sea blue   Hu:182     P:PCA803   T/MM:1718
FS:35044 Insignia blue   Hu:189   X:X122   GS:H326 T/MM:1719
FS:35045 Dark blue   Hu:HD 3     P:PCI878 GS:H35  
FS:35050 Blue Angels blue   Hu:190 T:X-03 X:X123   GS:H328 T/MM:1772
FS:35056     T:X-04        
FS:35109 Blue       X:X124      
FS:35164 Intermediate Blue   Hu:144   X:X125 P:PCA804 GS:H42 T/MM:1720
FS:35177 Medium blue     T:XF-18        
FS:35183 Bright blue     T:XF-08 X:X146      
FS:35200     T:X-14        
FS:35237 Dk blue/grey   Hu:145   X:X126 P:PCA817 GS:H337 T/MM:1721
FS:35258   Hu:HU17 Green deleted)          
FS:35414 Blue     T:XF-23 X:X127      
FS:35450 Air Superiority Blue   P:PCA800 19*Hu:47 + 1*Hu:147     P:PCA800    
FS:35526 Aircraft Blue   Hu:65 T:XF-23     GS:H67  
FS:35526 Light blue       X:X606   GS:H323  
FS:35622 Israeli Light Blue   Hu:122   X:X149 P:PCI877 GS:H314  
Color name Comment Humbrol Tamiya Xtracolor Polly S Gunze Sangyo Testors / Model Master
FS:36076 Engine grey     T:XF-63 X:X128      
FS:36081 Gunship Dk. grey   Hu:32 T:XF-63? X:X129 P:500014 GS:H301  
FS:36118 Gunship Lt. Grey   Hu:125 T:XF-24 X:X130 P:500822 GS:H305 T/MM:1723
FS:36152 Blue-grey   Hu:HN 2          
FS:36165 RLM 02     T:XF-22        
FS:36173 Dark Grey   Hu:156 T:XF-53   P:PCA823 GS:H82  
FS:36176 Dk grey F-15       X:X157      
FS:36231 Dk Gull Grey   Hu:140 T:XF-54 X:X131 P:PCA824 GS:H57 T/MM:1740
FS:36251 Medium grey   8*Hu:64 + 3*Hu:156 + 1*Hu:106   X:X132      
FS:36270 Neutral grey   1*Hu:156 + 1*Hu:34 T:XF-53 X:X133      
FS:36270 RAF OceanGrey   1*Hu:156 + 1*Hu:34 T:XF-20     GS:H306  
FS:36293   7*Hu:28 + 2*Hu:156 + 1*Hu:34          
FS:36300   14*Hu:34 + 7*Hu:176 + 1*Hu:110          
FS:36307 Light Sea Grey   Hu:141   X:X134   GS:H324  
FS:36314 Flint grey   6*Hu:167 + 4*Hu:87 T:XF-25 X:X143      
FS:36320 Dark compass grey   Hu:128   X:X135 P:PCA837 GS:H307 T/MM:1741
FS:36329 Light sea grey   7*Hu:87 + 3*Hu:34 T:XF-66        
FS:36357   6*Hu:162 + 2*Hu:28          
FS:36373   5*Hu:34 + 1*Hu:156 + 1*Hu:64 T:XF-25?        
FS:36375 Light compass grey   Hu:127   X:X136 P:500836 GS:H308 T/MM:1728
FS:36386   1*Hu:162 + 1*Hu:34          
FS:36400 Light Stone   1*Hu:121 + 1*Hu:90          
FS:36408   2*Hu:34 + 1*Hu:162          
FS:36415   6*Hu:121 + 4*Hu:84          
FS:36424 Medium grey     T:XF-20        
FS:36440 Lt Gull Grey (MiG-29) Hu:183 (129)   X:X137   GS:H51? T/MM:1729
FS:36440   Hu:129 (183) T:XF-20   P:PCA825 GS:H325/H315 T/MM:1730
FS:36463   3*Hu:34 + 2*Hu:126          
FS:36473 ADC Grey   Hu:146 T:XF-66? X:X138 Light Aircraft Grey   GS:H61  
FS:36473 Light Grey   1*Hu:87 + 1*Hu:34 (64) T:XF-12?/XF-19   P:PCA806?   T/MM:1731
FS:36492 Light Grey   8*Hu:34 + 1*Hu:156 + 1*Hu:28   X:X147      
FS:36493   9*Hu:34 + 2*Hu:28 + 1*Hu:156          
FS:36495 Light Grey   Hu:147       GS:H338  
FS:36496     T:XF-12        
FS:36515 Canadian Voodoo grey       X:X150      
FS:36521     T:XF-55        
FS:36555   6*Hu:103 + 1*Hu:64 + 1*Hu:28          
FS:36559 Surface Grey   2*Hu:162 + 1*Hu:28 + 1*Hu:34 (162)          
FS:36595   1*Hu:162 + 1*Hu:28 + 1*Hu:34          
FS:36622 Light Grey   Hu:28 (97) T:XF-19 X:X140 P:PCA817 GS:H311  
FS:36628   9*Hu:34 + 1*Hu:64          
Miscellaneous (Blacks, Whites, Metallics)
Color name Comment Humbrol Tamiya Xtracolor Polly S Gunze Sangyo Testors / Model Master
FS:37030   9*Hu:33 + 2*Hu:189 + 1*Hu:112          
FS:37031   9*Hu:33 + 8*Hu:189 + 2*Hu:112          
FS:17038 Gloss Black   Hu:21 T:X-1     GS:H2 T/MM:1747
FS:27038 Coal Black   Hu:85 T:X-18     GS:H2  
FS:37038 Black   Hu:33 T:XF-1   P:10 GS:H12/343 T/MM:1749
FS:37040 Dark Bluish Black   Hu:85? T:X-18?        
FS:37100 Purple     T:X-16        
FS:37178 Chrome Silver   Hu:191 T:XF-16 X:X142     T/MM:1790
FS:37722   16*Hu:34 + 3*Hu:72 + 1*Hu:28          
FS:37788   10*Hu:34 + 1*Hu:121          
FS:17875 Gloss White   Hu:22 T:X-2 X:X141   GS:H1 T/MM:1745
FS:37875 Matt White   Hu:130 (34) T:XF-2   P:11? GS:H11 T/MM:1768
FS:37880   6*Hu:34 + 2*Hu:41          
FS:37886 White   3*Hu:34 + 2*Hu:41          
Color name Comment Humbrol Tamiya Xtracolor Polly S Gunze Sangyo Testors / Model Master
FS:38915 Blaze (orangeish red, almost dayglo)   Hu:192         T/MM:1775